A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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Filesystem location of Thunderbird+Enigmail+Kleopatra keys?

I'm having a heck of a time finding the GPG keys created by Kleopatra on Windows 10 professional. The first key is used by Thunderbird and Enigmail. The second key is used by Git for commit signing. ...
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1answer
3k views

Weird file format while saving files

On Windows 10, Acer Aspire E 15Whenever I download a pdf file, in the prompt comes up to ask where I want to save it, in the file type, I get some gibberish. This is an example. However, the file ...
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1answer
861 views

Does Windows allow to rename a folder containing locked files?

Being aware that the family of Windows OSes uses mandatory file locking while POSIX family systems use advisory lock, I was wondering if Windows is capable to have a directory structure renamed, while ...
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1answer
28 views

Switch to different filesystem

I am relatively new to linux, but am working on a remote server. It says i have a quota, and shows the followingFilesystem blocks quota limit grace files quota limit grace/dev/...
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1answer
60 views

Restore file from fragments without copying or moving data

On Unix systems, files can be joined together using the cat utility (Windows systems have type or copy /B).cat file1 file2 file3 > joined-fileThis takes the content of the old files and copies ...
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1answer
27 views

Mac OS won't properly recognize both partitions on external drive

I have a big external drive that's already in use by my Windows computer. I also need to use it for a Time Machine backup of a Mac.So far I've partitioned it up with MiniTools Partition Wizard. ...
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17 views

file system for an external drive to be used in mac and linux [duplicate]

I have an external hard drive that I would use on mac and linux. On mac i would transfer data on this mac to the hard drive. On linux I have programs that would work on the data.I have to choose a ...
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42 views

What is the difference between a volume and a block regarding partitions in disk?

What I understood about volume is:Partitioning means dividing the physical drive into several logical drives / volumes that the OS treats as completely separate physical drives. Each volume on a ...
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4answers
2k views

Are all storage devices divided into sectors?

I have read that a hard disk is divided into regions called sectors (a sector can be for example 512 bytes in size).And that a file system will arrange groups of sectors into blocks (a block can ...
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1answer
29 views

How can I reserve an specified amount of space for root on macOS?

How can I reserve an specified amount of space for root on macOS?I want to stop user applications and myself from unknowingly making the disk full, and always have some free space available.
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19 views

Too many windows recovery partitions?

I just switched from windows 10 to windows 8.1 (they were alongside each other) and i ended up having 3 recovery partitions (one of them is 139GB capacity...)So i need to know which partitions can ...
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1answer
67 views

Remove found.000 folder completely

I'm trying to completely remove "found.000" folder under Windows 8.1 on my C-drive.I have tried a number of attempts (incl. under SafeMode), by changing its ownership (i.e. added my Username, and ...
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31 views

Ubuntu: All the files on my computer seem to accessed within the range of 30 minutes a month ago

Out of curiosity, I stated checking the last accessed date of my files on my home folder. Surprisingly I found out almost every file has access time around 2018-03-01 17:59:42.689118604 even files I ...
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21 views

bindfs - “/proc” and Docker container file system

BEFORE YOU CONTINUE: I know that manage the container's data in its own file-system is not seen as a good practice, much less persist that data directly into its file-system. I just want to make my ...
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1answer
794 views

File System Performance in Linux and Windows

I have built a HTPC with AMD Athlon 5350, which was completely sufficient. The system was running Windows 10 running in SSD and big HDD for backups in NTFS. Somehow there is a problem with network ...
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19 views

Read vxWorks HRFS disk on windows or linux

Is there a utility or driver for linux or windows to read a vxWorks Highly Reliable File System(HRFS) disk? I have looked on the web and not found anything. Am I going to have to write my own?Dennis
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3answers
90 views

No filesystem is same as no Operating System?

Some legacy computers/controllers don't have the filesystem with them is that because these devices don't have an Operating System?If files cannot be saved to these devices, how can the factory ...
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17 views

Automatically merge combining characters into base characters in filenames? [duplicate]

I'm using ext4 file system under Linux.Some UTF-8 characters are combining characters which are used to modify other characters and sometimes they can actually be merged into the base character....
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4answers
16k views

How can a file have been 'created' in 1641?

A few years ago, I stumbled on this file on our fileserver.And I wonder how can a file say it's been created in 1641? As far as I know, time on pc is defined by the number of seconds since Jan 1st, ...
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16 views

Windows: Lost my data volume via diskpart clean when I ran clean on system volume

I'm wondering why this happened.I had a data volume that I did not want to touch. I wanted to wipe the system volume and install new OS on it so I ran diskpart and selected that volume.System ...
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1answer
29 views

WinSCP: How to update the “Changed” information if a sub-folder has been changed?

I have a Folder_A, which has a Folder_B, which has a file File_C.When File_C is changed, the Folder_B also updates its "changed" record, but Folder_A is not updated.I wonder how the "changed" ...
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1answer
33 views

When a power failure results in a fsck, which runlevel is systemd loaded into - emergency mode or rescue?

Can someone please tell me which runlevel systemd is running in when you're prompted for a filesystem check after a power loss? Is it emergency or rescue or does it depend? I have some systemd units ...
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1answer
47 views

Would overwriting a file with the same exact content have an negative impact on an SSD lifetime?

We are developing a piece of software that does a lot of file overwrites. For the sake of simplicity/performance, we currently don't compare the old file content with the new content that will be ...
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1answer
82 views

Day of week schedule

What can I do, if I want to schedule a task on ,for example, fifth day in month, but not during the weekend. Example: if fifth day is saturday, so task will be scheduled on monday.Thank you for ...
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1answer
49 views

mounted hfs+ drive with hfsprog, now disk corrupt

Following several other threads, I mounted an HFS+ external hard drive using sudo mount -t hfsplus -o force,rw /dev/sdXY /media/mntpointthen unmounted. Now the harddrive is unreadable: Input/...
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62 views

How to delete all hardlinks to the same file (inode)?

I've used Link Shell Extension to create a bunch of hardlinks in different directories within the same hard drive (to save space, as I need both stored in different locations). When I want to delete ...
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35 views

Link files / change others when changing one file

I want to link some same text files on different folders. When I change one of them, the other files should change. Is there a way of accomplishing this?
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5 views

Open local file from Excel Cell in Android [migrated]

In Android, I wish to open a local file from a Hyperlink in Excel. XLSX file and the linked image are in the same directory folder. I've tried the following:=HYPERLINK("cat.jpg", "Cat")=HYPERLINK("...
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30 views

Windows 10 PC cannot detect certain folders from my Android phone

I am trying to upload files from my Android (Huawei P9 Lite) phone onto my PC.So, I plug in my phone,Click on the device,And then click on the SD card (as that's where the files are that I want ...
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2answers
35 views

Why does FSCK run even if you never have unclean shutdown?

AFAIK FSCK checks and repair the file system in an event of an unclean shutdown like power failure (I'm not sure). I have a server that never had unclean shutdowns but still FSCK ran at some point ...
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1answer
27 views

Windows ghost file handles

I am intermittently having issues in Windows 10 where all files or folders on a certain drive and sometimes certain subdirectories get a write lock. This is happening on a separate drive from the ...
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1answer
72 views

Adjusting Ubuntu filesystem to make use of enlarged partitions

I have increased the size of the extended and logical partitions in my Ubuntu VM as described here: Adding free unpartitioned space to the main Ubuntu partitionNow I want to add these new sectors to ...
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19 views

How to list all files of a specific encoding?

On Windows, I would like to list all files included in a folder (and all its subfolders), which are of a specific encoding (once for UTF-8 and once for ISO-8859-1/latin1).Is it possible to do so ...
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14 views

Mount a tmpfs on a block device with existing data

I have a custom block device, and I would like to mount a tmpfs on it while reusing existing data. The RAM I am using is flash-backed.Assume block device is /dev/myblock, and is mounted at /mnt/...
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1answer
34 views

how to unzip same file name without override (capitalization differ)

I have 2 files named xt_DSCP.h and xt_dscp.h in the same directory, in a zip file. I am trying to unzip them on my pendrive but I only have 2 options: skip or override. I was searching for a ...
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2answers
65 views

Linux: Is there a filesystem that can stand an abrupt storage device disconnection?

This may be more appropriate in UNIX & Linux, so please let me know. I'm wondering if there's a filesystem available in Linux that can withstand (or is designed to be able to better handle) hard ...
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40 views

unaccessible files in lost+found

(This in principle the same as question 15800742 on Stack Overflow, but the answer that it got, as well as miscellaneous other answers I have found on the Internet, have not worked for me.)After a ...
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2answers
115 views

Does mounting a disk image make any state changes to the file itself?

Say you take a disk image file and you "mount" it, is it possible for that file to be changed in anyway by the very act of mounting it?(I'm mainly interested in Mac and Windows, but also POSIX.)
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How to automount an ext filesystem in macOS

TL;DR This question is about auto mounting partitions with file systems non native to macOS.I'm presently running macOS 10.12.x and I can successfully mount an external SATA disk formatted with an ...
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34 views

Adobe Bates Numbering - How to Automate and Version Control?

I've got about 120K pages of docs spread across 60 main folders and about 540 subfolders that require bates numbering. Adobe does allow for Bates numbering trees of folders, but I've noted that if ...
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2answers
90 views

Which filesystems are compatible with both Mac and PC and support extended file attributes

I have an external hard drive that I'd like to use with both Mac and Windows. I want to avoid the ._ file issue (see Removing ._ Files from Non-Mac OS File System In Dropbox)What filesystem can I ...
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36 views

Folder Permissions (Save into Read-Only)

I have a folder containing files that I would like to be read-only. However, I would also like users to be able to save files into that read-only folder.What permissions do I need to check for each ...
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2answers
36 views

What happens if you delete a file while it was moving from one filesystem(ext4) to another(NTFS)?

this has been bugging me since yesterday. I was using GNOME Files (Nautilus) to move a video file from the 'Downloads' folder to an NTFS drive. Now when I cut and pasted the file it instantly appeared ...
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51 views

Does the Linux kernel avoid duplicate caching with compressing or encrypting filesystems? If so how?

Out of curiosity: if I have a LUKS device according to my understanding when reading a block from a block device this block is put in the buffer cache. But this block is encrypted, so not immediately ...
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25 views

Fix Flash Drive with Raw file system and Write Protection issue [duplicate]

I've been encountered with an issue with my flash drive, I can't format it. Basically, two minor issues together have become complicated to solve it.The drive has Raw File System, means no specified ...
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1answer
94 views

I made too many nested folders

I made way to many nested folders, around 20 thousand, I think. I can't delete them, even with 7-Zip, as some people recomended. I tried ROBOCOPY, mirroring an empty folder, but it fails, because ...
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1answer
29 views

How do filesystems support “legacy” style booting?

I am in the process of writing a simple OS bootloader (first booting in legacy mode). After understanding the boot process (MBR loading the VBR, etc) I began looking into the specifications for ...
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1answer
65 views

How to manage large HDD storage, integrity of data,

I'm currently running personal NAS storage.I'm not professional in computers andI'm just using copy-paste to do backup. (no raid or something like that)I have 8TB * 8 seagate archive drive.4 ...
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2answers
106 views

Delete dot file only if non-dot file exists in *nix

I'm moving files from a FAT32 filesystem into an EXFAT filesystem on a Mac. My understanding is that FAT32 doesn't support extended file attributes so it created dot files for each file.However now ...
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1answer
43 views

Windows file found by cmd.exe but not PowerShell

On the same system, cmd.exe and powershell.exe yielddifferent results for listing a file both through its absolutepath and relative to $PWD:CMD sees it, PowerShell doesn’t. The binary doesn’t seem ...

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